Fact About Bhutan

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I. Basic Information
Royal Kingdom of Bhutan is situated right in the heart of Himalayan range with total land area of 38,394 sq. km. The Kingdom is 72.5% covered with forests and its capital district is Thimphu.
II. Population
The total population of the Kingdom of Bhutan in 2007 was 658,888 spread over 20 districts of the country which has increased to 753,947 in 2010.
III. Health personnel by category
The total number of health personnel in Bhutan including all the categories was 3161 in the year 2006 which has grown through the years improving the average life expectancy of Bhutanese to 67.89 years.
IV. Number of education institutions BhutanWith the tremendous growth of education system in Bhutan the general literacy rate has increased to 63.0% which was just 30% in the mid 90’s. It became possible because of the introduction of western style education system and consistent growth in the number of educational institutions.

V. Land use
72.55 of the total land in Bhutan are occupied by the forests. Remaining land is being used for pasture, agriculture, horticulture and residential settlements.

VI. Tourism
Tourism in Bhutan is one of the main sources of income of Bhutanese people. It plays a vital role in the GDP of the Royal Kingdom. The total number of tourists in the year 2006 has been noted 17,342.

VII. Labour force
Bhutan has maintained good employment percent with total labour force of 42.8% in the year 2006. This total labour force is inclusive of employed and unemployed males & females.

VIII. Transportation and communication
Bhutan is now growing rapidly and has fair network of roads, bridges and public transportation system. It also has effective communication system with a large number of telephone and mobile subscribers.

IX. Energy
The Kingdom of Bhutan is capable of generating electricity on its own and provides electricity to almost all the more than 1400 towns and villages.

X. Industries
Bhutan Chamber of Commerce & Industry has been established under the royal command of His Majesty the Fourth King in 1980 for the sustainable growth of industries in the country. Thereafter, a sustainable economic development of Bhutan has been marked.

XI. Balance of Payment
Bhutan is actively engaged in export and import of goods. The country is highly dependent on the import and foreign labour; thus, resulting in a hefty trade deficit.

XII. National Accounts
With the help of industrial and trade growth Bhutan has achieved sustainable GDP and GNP growth rate. Trade growth in the country is quite promising.

XIII. Public Finance
The study of the finance of the government suggests deficit in the public finances with almost expenditure almost double of the revenue.

XIV. Consumer Price Indices
According to the World Bank, annual inflation has been measured 8.21% in the years 2014.

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